Almost 85% of the world's jute cultivation is concentrated in the Ganges Delta. In India, jute is cultivated in West Bengal, Bihar, Andhra Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Assam, Chhattisgarh and Tripura. Preparing for IIT JEE or AIPMT or CA CPT, © Copyright Pivotal | Jute industry has a considerable share in Indian economy. Jute is one of the important natural fibers after cotton in terms of cultivation and usage. In which season jute (putson) is cultivated ? 6. Some of them have tried to find other means of livelihoods. Covers … Floodwaters destroyed standing jute crops grown on his entire five bigha of land (around 7 bigha constitute a hectare) in Koyakuchi in Barpeta district in Assam. Knitting is done by hand and also on machines. After spinning, yarns are used for making fabrics. About Us | Barpeta district has a rich tradition of growing jute. It is also obtained from the hair of rabbits, yak and camels. In this process, fibres from a mass of cotton wool are drawn out and twisted. In 2014-15, Assam stood at the third place in India in jute cultivation with a production of 795 bales. However, due to change in weather conditions that lead to excessive rain and sudden flood during monsoon, most of these farmers engaged in growing jute traditionally, have shifted to Eri rice cultivation. Vegetables Cultivated in the Tropics. A simple device used for spinning is a hand spindle, also called takli. Jute plants may be cut at the time of flowering stage because a good quality of fiber is obtained at this stage. The two main processes are weaving and knitting. Jute cultivation requires alluvial land and regular rain. Passage - 3 Material used for making clothes that we wear during line rent seasons is obtained from natural as well asman-made sources. The farmer also says apart from flood, jute cultivation of the area also got damaged due to insect attack. This brings the fibres together to form a yarn. “The local variety is called Sada, and we used to grow it from generations to generations and now we have shifted to Tosa, a water-resistant variety of jute brought from outside. Question 2; State whether the following statements are ‘true’ or false’: The stems of the harvested plants are immersed in water for a few days. 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The cultivation during earlier times was quite good, as phenomenon like change of weather was not so frequent. All Rights Reserved. It is cultivated during the rainy season. Jute requires a warm and humid climate with temperature between 24° C to 37° C. Constant rain or water-logging is harmful. Increase in temperature and excessive heat due to global warming have caused deep impact in the production of jute. Only earthing up of plants required to avoid stem rot and death during following rainy season . Besides, the scientists have observed changes in amount of average rainfall during the Monsoon season in entire country. Stuck At Home? An affordable twine made of 100% jute, this twine is also environmentally friendly, biodegradable, and compostable. The fruits of the cotton plant (cotton bolls) are about the size of a lemon. In which soil jute plant grow ? View Answer. View Answer. In Northeast region and Assam too, the average temperature has increased and fluctuation in seasonal temperatures have been observed. Even though this variety is water-resistant, it cannot survive in excess water,” he adds. Jute is a rainy season crop. Log in. 5. The plants are usually harvested after they flower, but before the flowers go to seed. And we wear woollen clothes in winter season because as they trap the air and keeps our body … This process is called ginning of cotton. Soils 5. Eri rice cultivation involves huge cost, but the production is ensured. Why jute plants are cut at flowering stage and not on complete maturation ? Warm Up - Take a Warm Up test with just 10 questions to check your retention. Cotton plants are usually grown at places having black soil and warm climate. Join now. Jute cultivation is highly labour intensive, and it requires manpower. India is the largest jute producing country in the world. Ginning was traditionally done by hand. The stems rot and fibres are separated by hand. The threat of this factor is more frequent in cultivation of early phase of Tosa variety. Log in. Q19: In which season jute plant is cultivated? The stems of the harvested plants are immersed in water for a few days. Exercise Questions. If the Tosa variety can be improvised genetically as a flood-resistant variety then jute cultivation in flooded regions in Assam can also protected from such factors like flood condition affecting productions. Ans. Jute is one of the most affordable natural fibers, and second only to cotton in the amount produced and variety of uses. The jute plant, a native of the Indian subcontinent, is a herbaceous annual growing to a height of around 10 to 12 feet with a central cylindrical stem, and 4- to 6-inch long light green leaves and yellow flowers. Jute cultivation requires about 160 cm to 200 cm rainfall. Only the skeletons of damaged plants are standing on the fields. Class 6 Science Chapter 3 Fibre to Fabric Questions and Answers PDF. Cotton and jute are examples of fibres obtained from plants. These days, machines are also used for ginning. The looms are either hand operated or power operated. There were natural channels the excess water to drain out of the fields. The place where Hussain and others grew jute now seems like a barren land. These are called synthetic fibres. During the rainy season the plants then cut and bundled. Cellulose is the material which forms the cell walls in all plants. It can be sustained on a temperature range of 15-380 Celsius. yashu97 yashu97 11.02.2018 Science Primary School ... Jute is cultivated in rainy season. • Almost 80% of the world's high-quality jute comes from Bangladesh. The optimum range of temperature required is 18°-33°C. At that time it was more or less a garden plant and its leaves were used as a vegetable and for medicinal purposes. Jute is a bio-degradable, environment friendly and renewable natural fibre. In knitting, a single yarn is used to make a piece of fabric. There was a time when everyone of our area used to grow jute. Crop damage may also occur when water gets deposited on the field. Weaving and knitting are used for making different kinds of fabric. In Northeast region including Assam, it has been observed that the amount of rainfall during Monsoon has decreased since 1985. After maturing, the bolls burst open and the seeds covered with cotton fibres can be seen. The stalks are cut off close to the ground. ADVERTISEMENTS: The following temperature and rainfall conditions are […] (a) Bihar (b) Assam (c) West Bengal (d) … There is a variety of clothing material or fabric, such as, cotton, silk, wool and polyester. When the plants are about 15–20 cm tall, they are thinned out. Till some years the yield per bigha was 15-16 maund (one maund equals 40 kilograms), which has now come down to 10-12 maunds” Hussain says. It was difficult for Anowar Hussain to hold back the tears and he cannot decide what to do when he looked at his jute cultivation field left ravaged by monsoon flood. The adverse impact of irregular rains is more on crops grown post- monsoon and on Rabi crops. Jute. Jute is a rainy season crop, sown from March to May according to rainfall and type of land. Jute is an amazing fibre - it's incredibly sustainable, it's affordable, it's fast-drying and it's breathable. A single yarn gets pulled out continuously as the fabric gets unravelled. Jute fibre is cultivated during the rainy season. It is cultivated in the rainy season and is normally harvested when it is at the flowering stage. Flood destroyed all these crops. Therefore, climate change is having its impact on jute cultivation.”. But jute can be cultivated in all types of land except sandy and clayey soil. Where is jute grown in India ? Cultivation is dependent on the climate, season, and soil. The Living Organisms and Their Surroundings. Share with your friends. Don’t bother with traditional lettuce varieties, but Asian greens and Chinese cabbage do well. The jute plant is generally harvested when it is in the flowering stage. It also contributes to enhance nutrients of the farmland. The jute plant is normally harvested when it is at a flowering stage. The fibres of some fabrics such as cotton, jute, silk and wool are obtained from plants and animals. Seeds are then sowed by broad-tasting or sometimes by dibbling. Shade 3. Jute cultivation enhances the quality of land. The process of making yarn from fibres is called spinning. These are called natural fibres. The jute crops are damaged when excess water is deposited on the field for a longer duration,” says Hussain. It is cultivated during the rainy season. Click here to get an answer to your question ️ in which season jute is cultivated 1. The jute plant is normally harvested when it is at flowering stage. Tosha jute can be cultivated in high land and deshi jute in both high and low land. Therefore, heavy rain or draught affect agriculture in the state. Patsun is cultivated during the rainy season. What is fabric? Fibres are then separated from the seeds by combing. Climate Required for Jute Cultivation:- Jute crop grows well in rainfed, moderate, warm humid atmosphere and sunshine conditions. Jute mallow is planted either by direct seeding or transplanting. Jute is mostly produced in Barpeta, Goalpara, Nagaon and Darrang districts in the state. Wool and silk fibres are obtained from animals. Harvested when it is at the flowering stage. It requires 12.5 hours of sunlight of the day. The soil is prepared by ploughing 5 or 6 times and all clods of earth should be broken to fine particles. 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