On March 8, 1884, communication was opened to Mexico City and on the 23rd passenger and freight trains began to run. [6] The town was erected a Villa in 1718 (or 1715)[1] with the name of San Felipe el Real de Chihuahua, and the name was shortened in 1823. The city became the seat for important banks and wealthy families. Outside of Office Hours, contact: (55) 5080 2000. During the rest of the war of independence the situation in Chihuahua was practically identical and without any shock. La Quinta Luz was turned into a museum by his widow, Sra. Governance and Society in Colonial Mexico: Chihuahua in the Eighteenth Century. The murder of Aristoteles Sandoval came one day after authorities arrested Hugo Amed Shultz, the former mayor of Chinipas in northern Mexico’s Chihuahua state, for “complicity” in the 2017 murder of journalist Miroslava Breach. In 1986, the year of the hot summer in Chihuahua, due to state, municipal and deputies elections that were lived. The districts continued to be maintained but exclusively as districts with judicial functions, in October 1921 the Iturbide district changed its name to aragon. On September 16, 1882, the first section of the railway line, from Juárez to Chihuahua, built by Ferrocarril Central Mexicano, was inaugurated, which since 1909 belonged to the system of the National Railways of Mexico. This line was between the bank offices, corner of Independencia Avenue and Victoria Street and the address of the mint, located where the Federal Palace is located. The city had a serious problem with property crime, especially theft and graffiti by taggers. The mayor who will rule over the ‘most violent city on earth’ By Adriana Maciel, Mexico Editor. The origin of the city of Chihuahua begins with the discovery of the nearby mines and foundation of the population of Santa Eulalia in 1652 by Spanish captain Diego del Castillo, however; due to the climate and constant attacks of the indigenous people the exploitation was suspended and Santa Eulalia remained several years uninhabited. María Luz Corral de Villa, and is now managed by the federal government. Except for mining, industrial activity had not been a substance in the local economy, but from 1947, with the opening of Cementos de Chihuahua, a significant change was initiated in the industry, which was accentuated in 1960 with the establishment of maquiladoras export in the cities of Juarez and Tijuana first, and then in Chihuahua. Control of the region means access to drug smuggling routes into Southern New Mexico and Southeast Arizona. Chihuahua, city, capital of Chihuahua estado (state), northern Mexico. Three years later there were a hundred and fifty urban service aircraft and the long-distance aircraft began operating on 1 April 1930. On July 4, 2013, At the same time, radio-receiver devices, which were popularly referred to as "radiolas", began to be installed in homes. Although little of this period’s history is recorded, archeologists have found evidence of inhabitants dating as far back as 3,000 years. The mayor of a small town in the state of Chihuahua in northern Mexico was found shot dead Tuesday, apparently among the latest victims in the fight against organized crime in the region. Since the city serves as the municipal seat and is home to the vast majority of the municipality's population, the position of municipal president is frequently identified with the city, rather than the municipality. They disappeared in early 1922. The Municipal President of Chihuahua (mayor) is the head of local government of Chihuahua Municipality, in the Mexican state of Chihuahua. Also of note is the Quinta Gameros, one of the largest estate houses in pre-revolutionary Chihuahua City, now the state museum for the decorative arts, and the former Federal Palace of Chihuahua on Venustiano Carranza Street, north of the Government Palace, which is now a museum and contains the cell in which Miguel Hidalgo spent his final days, and is a national shrine. During the months of March and April, there can be strong winds that cause dusts and sandstorms. Scarcity of water has been a serious obstacle to agricultural development in the state except in districts where irrigation is practicable; cotton and beans are the main crops, and apples and nuts are also significant products. In September 1981, it was inaugurated by Mr. José López portillo, President of the Republic, the Palace of Justice of the State. Ciudad Juarez is located in the State of Chihuahua, Mexico. [12] Her term started on October 10, 2016, and is expected to last for two years, with the possibility of reelection for three more years.[13]. [23] Frosts are common during winter nights. However, it was in Chihuahua where Miguel Hidalgo, considered the Father of the Country, was held prisoner in the Federal Palace of Chihuahua and executed in 1811 at the nearby Government Palace by the Spaniards. As a result, the aircraft broke and caught fire causing the greatest misgiving in the history of state aviation; 32 passengers arrived alive, but another 32 died. In 1884, the Chihuahua telephone company was founded. At this time the city had 45,595 inhabitants. Elections for mayor for the term 2007–2010 were held at the beginning of July 2007; Carlos Borruel Baquera of the PAN defeated former mayor Alejandro Cano Ricaud (PRI) by less than one-quarter of a percentage point of almost 200,000 votes cast. As president, Esteban Uranga built another market building, with the same title and farther from the city center. The fair has been held annually for decades. In addition, the University Symphony performs at the Paraninfo weekly during the summer months, and features international guest artists in classical and pop concerts. Grupo Mexico operates two lead zinc mines, which both produce silver as a … The geography of the city is dominated by three hills that appear in the Coat of Arms: Cerro Grande, Cerro Coronel and Santa Rosa, the last of which is fully covered by the city. Usually, these months have warm days, averaging 22 °C (71.6 °F) to 28 °C (82.4 °F) and cool nights (around 5 °C (41.0 °F) to 11 °C (51.8 °F)). The city serves as an alternative destination for maquiladora operators who require quick access to the border but wish to avoid both the higher costs and higher turnover rates of employment of the immediate border area. This page was last edited on 2 January 2021, at 14:57. Church of Santa Rita (1731). By the year 1786 the Villa de Chihuahua was a Mayor's and on April 1, 1797 the first census was lifted in the city of Chihuahua by Don Fructuoso Simón de Herrera with the following summary: 324 men, 396 women, total 720 inhabitants. [25] For a single day the record rainfall is 89.0 millimetres (4 in) on August 24, 1966. [24] During this time of the year, the climate is dry, with an average humidity around 46% and many days are sunny, averaging 15–18 clear days. Check-out. Between 2002 and 2005, the city experimented with the introduction of certain new commercial innovations, like the first large mall in the city, Plaza del Sol, and the rise of the commercial Zone of the Sun, all along the Periférico de la Juventud, one of the main thoroughfares in the city. Mayor José Reyes Ferriz, who regularly The Feria (Fair) of Santa Rita, known throughout the Republic, is held during the last two weeks of May and features internationally known recording artists in concert. The bishop was Don Adalberto Almeida and Merino and threatened not to officiate Mass due to the alleged electoral fraud. It feels small, and, maybe, surprisingly, safe, given its reputation. The legitimate authorities reinsettled in their official residence on 14 August of the same year. [3][1] As of 2017[update], the city of Chihuahua had a population of 878,062 inhabitants. [33] In 2018, the city government announced plans to provide free Wifi to all 44 stations, as part of an initiative to make Internet access more equitable. 31 August 2010: Héctor Murguía Lardizábal, the Mayor of Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua, presides over what Forty-four percent of Chihuahua's workers are employed in commerce and services, while a little over a third of the workforce is employed in mining and industry. During the War of Independence, the city saw little action. The information on the beginning of the Independence of Mexico movement took a long time to reach the then Villa de Chihuahua, where in practice it had no effect, because of this The Realists decided that the trial of the insurgents apprehended in Acatita de Baján will be held in Chihuahua. It is also the midpoint between the Río Bravo del Norte (Rio Grande) and the then-important mining city of Hidalgo del Parral. MEXICO CITY — Mexico’s northern border state of Chihuahua returned to the highest level of alert and lockdown Friday after coronavirus cases jumped there and hospitals began to fill up. In 1998, construction began on the new UACh campus north of the city. Consul General Darnell with Chihuahua Mayor October 14, 2015 – The U.S. Consul General in Ciudad Juarez Daria L. Darnell paid a courtesy visit to city of Chihuahua Mayor Javier Garfio Pacheco. Just as in other parts of Northern Mexico, Roman Catholic missionaries were an important influence during the colonial era, and the city became a meeting point for missionaries heading to and from the 'sierra', the mountainous region in western Chihuahua State where the native Tarahumara still live. The Federal Police and the Army have moved into the city to conduct anti-drug operations; it seems that their activity may have a positive effect; the indices of property crime and murder have fallen[38] since 2010, with the result that Chihuahua is safer now than in years past. On May 5, 1881, the first telephone line was inaugurated by Félix Francisco Maceyra, manager of Banco Mexicano. When we speak of Chihuahua, we understand that it is one of the 32 federal entities that congregate the United Mexican States. [16] Coat of arms. Major cities near Chihuahua, Mexico. [26], Summers are hot with June being the hottest month, averaging 33 °C (91.4 °F) during the day and 19 °C (66.2 °F) during the night. Publication date: Wednesday 23 December 2020 In related news, in Mexico, the former mayor of a small town in the state of Chihuahua has been arrested for complicity in the 2017 murder of La Jornada journalist Miroslava Breach. Find what to do today, this weekend, or in January. ISBN 978-0-8047-4168-2. In the early years of the twentieth century, in Chihuahua there was more foreign investment in non-railway enterprises than in any other region of the country, which allowed foreigners to infiltrate at all levels of local social and economic. He was enthusiastically welcomed by the Chihuahua people, whom he greeted from the central balcony of the Government Palace announcing the social reforms demanded by the revolution and was housed in the Fifth Gameros. Outside of Mexico: 844-528-6611 On December 8, 1913, Francisco Villa arrived at the place, accepting the appointment of Provisional Governor of the State, which granted him a Board of Generals; in its new role, on the 12th of the same month, it decreed the creation of the Bank of the State of Chihuahua, with guarantee of the properties confiscated from the enemies of the revolutionary cause and empowered to issue banknotes, it would close definitively in 1915. About 1.5 million people live in Juarez. The Municipal President of Ciudad Juárez, officially the Constitutional Municipal President of Juárez ( cabezon presidente Municipal Contitucional de Juárez ), is the head of local government in Juárez, a populous industrial municipality in the north of the Mexican state of Chihuahua. The city offers the service of the touristic "Trolley el Tarahumara" which is a tourist bus that goes around to all the main museums and monuments in the downtown (starting its route at the Plaza de Armas), including parks like the Central Park "El Palomar", a large park that has a collection of sculptures, including one depicting three doves (palomas, hence the park's name) and a monumental flagpole, flying one of the largest flags in the Republic, as well as a statue of one of Chihuahua's favourite sons, actor Anthony Quinn, in his role as 'Zorba the Greek', as well as many others. The population growth of the city creates the need to look for new sources to provide it with water and on September 16, 1908, the Chuvíscar dam was inaugurated, with a capacity of five million cubic meters of water, the cost was one million pesos. The nightlife is lively, especially in the downtown, where some of the large, pre-revolutionary estate houses have been turned into nightclubs and dance halls, many featuring the best of Chihuahua's live bands. Wealthy miners like the Irigoyen and Carbonel decorated their mansions with luxurious furniture, magnificent paintings, silverware and beautiful porcelain. Nearest major airport to Chihuahua, Mexico: The closest major airport to Chihuahua, Mexico is General Roberto Fierro Villalobos International Airport (CUU / MMCU). Chihuahua. The Instituto Tecnológico de Chihuahua, known as ITCH, was the first technology institute in Mexico. Antonio Ochoa, prisoner. Chihuahua is the twelfth largest city in Mexico, and one of the most industrialized. By 2008, the South Sports Is inaugurated, in the area of Avalos. Once independence was consummated through the Treaties of Cordoba, and after the ephemeral First Mexican Empire, on 19 July 1823 the Union Congress issued a decree dividing the former province of the New Biscay in two, the Province of Durango and the Province of Chihuahua, and pointed by capital of the latter to the Villa of San Felipe el Real de Chihuahua, which from that moment was erected in city, and was called Chihuahua'.[15]. Outside of Mexico: 844-528-6611 This situation has exploded in recent years. The state capital features cable television with the name "[Izzi Telecom]", which offers Digital triple play and High definition (H.D) service along with Totalplay Telecommunications offering IPTV via fiber optics in addition to the systems satellite television "SKY Mexico' SKY", "SKY Mexico VeTV", "Dish Mexico" and "Star TV Mexico". This provision began to govern from 1 January 1912, and since then, each municipality is administered by a popularly elected municipality, without any dependence on the others, whose presidents are directly understood with the governor of the state, there should be no intermediate authority among them. The literacy rate in the city is among the highest in the country at 98%; 35% of the population is aged 14 or below, 60% between 15 and 65 and 5% over 65. Mr. Betancourt built it. The Plaza Mayor is an important square in the downtown that displays fountains, green spaces and a collection of monuments depicting local heroes. This airport is 18 km from the center of Chihuahua, Mexico. Guadalupe is at the centre of a wave of violence involving rival gangs smuggling drugs to the US. Central Park "El Palomar"-Once one of the worst slums in the city, now the largest city park. On September 11, 1891, the Government Palace of Chihuahua was completed by Governor Carrillo. The first stone was laid on September 26, 1948 by the Secretary of Public Education, Mr. Manuel Guel Vidal and by the constitutional governor of the State of Chihuahua, Mr. Fernando Foglio Miramontes. Manufacturing is very important and there are nine major industrial parks and 79 maquila manufacturing plants, which employ about 45,000 people. The National Weather Service of Mexico (Servicio Meteorologico Nacional) reported that the warmest temperature ever recorded in the city is 41.6 °C (106.9 °F),[27] while the coldest is −18 °C (−0.4 °F) on February 4, 2011. Visit top-rated & must-see attractions. In 1956, television was installed in the city, with the foundation of XERA-TV by Telesistema Mexicano. A number of private universities also exist, to include the Chihuahua campus of ITESM. On April 23 the prisoners entered Chihuahua to be tried and on June 26 the insurgents Ignacio Allende, Mariano Jiménez, Juan Aldama and Manuel Santamaría are shot in the convent of San Francisco. Edwina Antonia Clark (2003). I’m busy working my way through a guide to modern Mexican politics: Mexico: Democracy Interrupted and, for me, we arrived in Chihuahua at exactly the right time to help make sense of what I have been reading about. [4] This report also ranks Chihuahua as the most Socially Competitive city in the country.[4]. Even though Chihuahua suffered a massive destruction of colonial buildings during the 1970s in order to widen the main streets and avenues in the downtown, it stills preserves some valuable monuments from the 19th and 20th centuries. The city is known for its classical and modern sculpture,[citation needed] as seen on any main boulevard or avenue. The city's commercial sector has also been boosted by the growth of the middle-class. Chihuahua is one of the 67 municipalities of Chihuahua, in northern Mexico. Some of the larger companies include Ford Motor Co., Sumitomo Electrical, Honeywell, Hallmark, and LG Electronics. According to a report about competitiveness from the CIDE organization ranks Chihuahua as the second most competitive city in the country just behind Monterrey and ahead of Mexico city. The city formerly had a baseball franchise in the Mexican League (AAA), also known as the Dorados. The state capital was the center of operations of the Northern Division. The mayor of a small town in the state of Chihuahua in northern Mexico was found shot dead Tuesday, apparently among the latest victims in the fight against organized crime in the region. Francisco I. Madero, visits for the second time the city, having made the trip expressly to invite the Chihuahuenses revolutionary chiefs Abraham González, Pascual Orozco, José de la Luz Blanco, José de la Luz Soto, Máximo Castillo and others, to accompany at the event of their protest as the holder of the Federal Executive. In early 1931, the first lines of urban and semi-urban trucks began to circulate through the streets of the city. By 1984, the metropolitan area of the city of Chihuahua had 29 maquiladora plants in the Las Américas Industrial Park, of which those dedicated to the production of electrical and electronic components for export stood out. Met een oppervlakte van 244.938 km² is het de grootste staat van Mexico. Occasionally, temperatures can exceed 26 °C (78.8 °F) while cold fronts can push it below −10 °C (14.0 °F). Top Chihuahua Landmarks: See reviews and photos of sights to see in Chihuahua, Mexico on Tripadvisor. La Plaza Mayor en Chihuahua es un espacio cívico que se construyó en 6,314 metros cuadrados, y es el sitio al que cada fin de semana asisten cientos de visitantes para pasear con sus familias o amigos. Published in the 21st century. Colonial Aqueduct-lengths still exist of this monument which was built to transport water from mountain springs to the villa. Originally settled in the 16th century and officially founded in 1709, Chihuahua Mexican mayors share power with municipal councils, who are indirectly elected, also for three years. Check-in. 2 adults - 1 room. In 2004 Juan Blanco Zaldívar, of the National Action Party (PAN), won the election for mayor (municipal president) of the city for the term 2004–2007. The main entrance to the city from the north (from the direction of Ciudad Juárez) is Tecnológico Avenue, part of the Pan-American Highway. He was appointed after Enrique Serrano resigned to run for governor of Chihuahua… A big city usually has a population of at least 200,000 and you can often fly into a major airport. He was the mayor of Guadalupe Distrito Bravos in Chihuahua state. The mayor who will rule over the ‘most violent city on earth’ By Adriana Maciel, Mexico Editor. The main monument in the Plaza Mayor is the "Ángel de la Libertad" that was built in 2003 representing the freedom of all Mexicans, especially Chihuahua's people. 321) and the stage station called "La Despedida" (Bolívar and 10a walk) On April 23, the service between Chihuahua and Rosales was inaugurated and in August 1877 with Mexico City. The new Real de Minas was founded under the name of Real de Minas de San Francisco de Cuéllar in honor of the then Viceroy of New Spain, Francisco Fernández de la Cueva Enríquez, 10th. On 12 October 1709[14] the vote of the notables was held on the founding of the Royal de Minas, eight of them were manifested because they were it was located in Santa Eulalia itself, while the remaining eight did so for the foundation in the valley. [26] The days are still warm to hot in July and August, though slightly cooler due to the presence of the rain, with an average high of 30 °C (86.0 °F). The turnout of registered voters, at about 41%, was the lowest in years. 14 tank of the Pemex Plant, which contained more than four million liters of diaphanous, was burned and kept on fire or for more than eight hours, with flames reaching more than 50 meters in height and at 50 meters was a similar tank containing Nova gasoline. In 1914, General Francisco Villa had a radiotelegraph station set up in the city of Chihuahua, which was the first to work. [tone] Included are works by Espino, Baltazar, Ponzanelli and Sebastian, the latter being a native of Chihuahua. [34], The system of avenues and main streets in the city is being constantly revamped, with the construction of new roads and bridges to handle the ever-increasing traffic. The meeting was facilitated by the commission. At the time of the Reformation it was in fact, for two years, capital of the Republic and seat of the Federal Powers, as the former Government Palace, today Museo Casa Juárez, became from 1864 to 1866, the National Palace and the residence of President Benito Juáre z and their ministers. Mayors in Mexico - with the exception of the Mayor of Mexico City, who has a six-year term - are elected for one three-year term and cannot be re-elected. The city of Chihuahua has a number of tourist sites, including the museums in Chihuahua, the baroque Metropolitan Cathedral, seat of the Archdiocese (and the resting place of St Peter of Jesus Maldonado, a Cristero martyr of the 1930s), dating from the 18th century, the Government Palace from the early 19th century, and the City Hall from the turn of the 20th century, on the Plaza de Armas across from the cathedral. Also, drug-related murders, including murders of law-enforcement officers (38 in 2007 according to a March 2008 issue of the newspaper Diario de Chihuahua) by traffickers led by Joaquín Guzmán Loera ("el Chapo", or "Shorty"), have been on the rise. On January 4, 1858, within the War of Reformation, which generally dominated the liberal party with the exception of two short seasons in which the conservatives occupied the capital by armed hands, Lieutenant Colonel Bruno Arriada and Mr. Juan N. Bárcenas seduced the garrison forces, proclaimed the Tacubaya Plan and set a half-hour deadline for the governor, Mr. Antonio Ochoa, to sign his accession. On May 15 & 16, 2010 the city also hosted the 24th IAAF World Race Walking Cup with $122,500 in prize money awarded in the team and individual competitions to the world's fastest walkers at distances ranging from 20 to 50 kilometers (12–31 mi), plus a 10 km (6.2 miles) race for juniors, aged 16 to 19 years of age. In the 18th century, an aqueduct with quarry arches pouring water into a fountain in the main square was built in the city. Together the two cities form the one of the largest international border communities on earth. In January, 2010, Mayor Carlos Borruel submitted his resignation in order to campaign for election to the office of Governor of Chihuahua. The city was founded on October 12, 1709, by Blas Cano de los Rios and Antonio Deza y Ulloa, a Spanish explorer, as El Real de Minas de San Francisco de Cuéllar. However, the official inauguration was on 1 June 1892 by the same governor. It has been said that the name derives from the Nahuatl language, meaning "between two waters", other accepted definitions are "place of the holed-rock" "[5] or from Tarahumara, "dry and sandy place". The city was founded on October 12, 1709, by Blas Cano de los Rios and Antonio Deza y Ulloa, a Spanish explorer, as El Real de Minas de San Francisco de Cuéllar. 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