The nearest airport, which connects with other major cities in the country, is about 7 kilometres (4.3 mi) away at Badgam. Dal Lake is lined by gardens built in the Mughal era and many parks. It is also reported that Cyprinus, introduced during early sixties, is dominant and that the indigenous species Schizothorax is showing a declining trend. You can find out more-, Yousmarg: An unexplored hilly heaven near Srinagar which you should visit this season, Honeymoon in Srinagar: Your romantic getaway in Jammu and Kashmir. A shikara can seat about six people and have heavily cushioned seats and backrests to provide comfort in Mughul style. Its source located above the Nehru Memorial Park. The lake is classified as 'warm monomictic' under the sub-tropical lake category. The causes for such deterioration have been identified and remedial actions have been initiated. [5][6][24] The lake has e basin hava shore length of 15.5 kilometres (9.6 mi) and roads run all along the periphery. Many of them have lavishly furnished rooms, with verandas and a terrace to serve as a sun-deck or to serve evening cocktails. The boats are often navigated by two boatmen dressed in "Phiron" (traditional dress) and carry 'Kangris' or portable heaters on the boat. The gradual decline in quality of the lake water through pollution has resulted in lower fish stocks and the extinction of endemic varieties of fish. [5] The long-term development plans also deal with the reafforestation of catchment area to reduce erosion movement and movement of silt and to regulate grazing by livestock. Recent reports indicate that, as of 2010, 40% of the measures have been implemented.[10]. These are detached from the bottom of the lake and drawn to a suitable place (generally to the north west of the houseboats' location) and anchored. Some of the measures undertaken for rehabilitating the lake to bring it to its original eutrophication free status involved measures such as construction of siltation tanks, mechanical weeding, regrouping of houseboats, deepening of outflow channel and removal of bunds and barricades, including some floating gardens. ALSO READ 15 awesome photos of Srinagar that will inspire you to take a holiday! The Dachigam Telbal Nallah system is conjectured to follow two major lineaments. Map shows the location of major lakes in India. Spring sources also contribute to the flow, although no specific data is available to quantify their contribution. 3,576 likes. Right: Char (Four Chinar Trees) seen on an island in Dal Lake, Left: Nagin Lake. Woody vegetation in the catchment of the lake consists of Melia, Ailanthus, Robinia, Daphne, Celtis, Rose, Ephedra, Pinus roxburghii, Pinus halepensis, Pinus gerardiana, Cupressus torulosa and Cupressus arizonica. Along with breathtaking views of the Dal Lake and the mountains, they also offer a unique experience. Kashmiri carpets, wooden…, It is the main festival of the town when artists from all over the country…. Euronews - Fishermen had to broke the ice on Dal lake in Srinagar, in Indian-administered Kashmir, after it partially froze over following fresh snowfall. OpenStreetMap is the free wiki world map. Alarmingly, the size of the lake has shrunk from its original area of 22 square kilometres (8.5 sq mi) to the present area of 18 square kilometres (6.9 sq mi), and there is a concerning rate of sediment deposition due to catchment area degradation. The houseboats have been referred to as, "each one a little piece of England afloat on Dal. The average elevation of the lake is 1,583 metres (5,194 ft). [29][35], Chashme Shahi, meaning "Royal Spring", is a fresh water spring and garden known for its medicinal properties. This place was known as Sureshwari on the bank of the lake, which was sourced by a spring called the Satadhara. The PILs have sought injunctions of the court for setting up of an integrated ring sewage system encircling the Lake; release of funds by the Government of India to undertake measures to check pollution and to inaugurate a High Powered Committee to monitor proper utilisation of the allotted funds. The kitchen-boat is annexed to the main houseboat, which also serves as residence of the boatkeeper and his family. Enclosed by splendid Pir Panjal mountains and Mughal Gardens, this must-see place is ideal for family The silt load has been estimated at 80,000 tonnes per year with 70% contribution from the Telabal Nallah, with 36,000 tonnes recorded as settling in the lake.[26]. It also serves as a flood lung of the Jhelum River. Right: A florist's shikara boat in Nageen Lake, Public interest litigations and restoration works, "Dal Lake Facts & Information - Beautiful World Travel Guide", "Conservation and Management Plan for Dal- Nigeen Lake", "Restoring the Dal Lake to its original glory", "Surfacae tension" War over city lakes is heating up", Muslim conquests in the Indian subcontinent, Jammu and Kashmir Reorganisation Act, 2019, Jammu and Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party, Jammu and Kashmir Public Safety Act, 1978, Jammu & Kashmir International Cricket Stadium, United Nations Military Observer Group in India and Pakistan, Indian Armed Forces and the Jammu and Kashmir floods, 2014, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Dal_Lake&oldid=999016743, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles using infobox body of water without alt, Articles using infobox body of water without pushpin map alt, Articles using infobox body of water without image bathymetry, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2012, Articles containing Kashmiri-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Inflow Channel Telbal Nallah from Marsar lake −291.9 million cubic metres, Regulated, two channels (Dal Gate and Nalla Amir) – 275.6 million cubic metres, This page was last edited on 8 January 2021, at 02:51. Each houseboat has an exclusive shikara for ferrying guests to the shore. Massive investments of approximately US$275 million (₹ 11 billion) are being made by the Government of India to restore the lake to its original splendour. The best views of the lake can be seen from the Shalimar Garden and Nishat Garden that were built during the reign of Mughal Emperor, Jehangir. [9][10], At present, the Dal and its Mughal gardens, Shalimar Bagh and the Nishat Bagh on its periphery are undergoing intensive restoration measures to fully address the serious eutrophication problems experienced by the lake. Copyright © 2021. It is operated from a wooden fishing boat made out of deodar, typically 20ftx4ft in size. These marshy lands have since been reclaimed and converted into large residential complexes. About Dal Lake Srinagar Reckoned to be the pride of Kashmir tourism, Dal Lake is the most popular attraction in Srinagar. Srinagar: A man died on Saturday late evening after he slipped from his own house boat at world famous Dal Lake near Nehru Park Srinagar. The Dal Lake is divided into four basins, Bod Dal, Nagin (also a separate lake), Gagribal and Lokut Dal. They are anchored individually, with interconnecting bridges providing access from one boat to the other. The floating gardens, known as "Rad" in Kashmiri, blossom with lotus flowers during July and August. It is often called the Gondola of Kashmir and has achieved iconic status. It is an urban lake, which is the second largest in the union territory of Jammu and Kashmir. Hosting is supported by … Welcome! The lake is shallow with a depth of around 6m and it currently has an area of around 16 sq km although it has previously covered an area of around 22 sq km. ... Dal Lake Jhelum River Warm monomictic 22 Km2 Srinagar Jammu and … "[19], After the independence of India, the Kashmiri Hanji people have built, owned and maintained these houseboats, cultivating floating gardens and producing commodities for the market, making them the centre of their livelihoods. Aside from the Shalimar Bagh and Nishat Bagh, some of the other places frequented by tourists are the Shankaracharya temple, the Hari Parbat, the Nigeen Lake, the Chashme Shahi, the Hazratbal Shrine, and the Mazar-e-Shura cemetery containing the graves of famous Mughal-era poets. The houseboats, closely associated with Dal also provide accommodation in Srinagar. Most beautiful Lakes in India are wular lake, dal lake … [11] The restoration and rehabilitation measures envisaged under the "Conservation and Management of Dal" are under various stages of implementation with the funds allocated by the Government of India for the purpose. The average minimum and maximum temperature of Srinagar is as given below. Resettlement plans for migrating the population from the lakefront have also evolved. Lokut Dal is also known as Rup Lank and Char Chinari. The lake is popular as a visitor attraction and a summer resort. The fort in its current state was built much later in 1808 under the reign of Shuja Shah Durrani. Explore recent … [34] Non-point sources, such as seepage and diffused runoff, also add to this pollution and have been recorded as further adding 4.5 tonnes of total phosphates and 18.14 tonnes of nitrogen (NO3–N and NH4–N) to the lake. [35] Ali Mardan Khan built the garden in 1632, and is built in such a way that the spring water is the source of fountains. Visitors and native alike also enjoy relaxing on the water in a houseboat or a shikara boat, often called "the Gondola of Kashmir". It figures high on tourist itineraries and every tourist to the Kashmir valley makes it a point to visit the water body. Srinagar, Jan 09, KDC: A 45-year-old man slipped to death in Dal Lake here on Saturday evening. The water table cuts the hill slopes, which is evidenced by the occurrence of numerous springs in the valley. All houseboat owners provide shikara transport to their house guests free of charge. [41], For the lake in Kangra district (Himachal Pradesh), see, Left: Floating gardens in Dal Lake. The lake precincts experience temperatures in the range of 1–11 °C (34–52 °F) during winter and 12–30 °C (54–86 °F) during the summer season. There is an island in the middle of Bod Dal known as Sona Lank. Log into your account Encroachments of water channels and consequent clogging has diminished the circulation and inflows into the lake, so with the building up of phosphates and nitrogen, this has led to extensive weed growth and consequences on the biodiversity of the lake. The floating gardens are known for the lotus flowers that blossom during the months of July and August. Other macrophytes discerned in different zones of the lake include Typho angustata, Phragmites australis, Myriophyllum, Sparganium evectum and Myriophyllum verticillatum, which contribute to the production of macrophites. Due to neglect, only three tombstones are currently visible, one of which bears an inscription that is only partially legible. To address this, water balance studies to analyse and assess the characteristics of flow have been conducted in order to approximate the discharge contributed by the springs in the lake bed. Some historians report that the temple was actually a Buddhist temple during the Buddhist era which was then changed into Hindu site of worship by Adi Shankaracharya. and fish include Cyprinus carpio specularis (economically important), C. carpio communis, Schizothorax niger, S. esocinus, S. curviformis and Crossochelius latius. One version is that it is the remnants of a post-glacial lake, which has undergone drastic changes in size over the years and the other theory is that it is of fluvial origin from an old flood spill channel or ox-bows of the Jhelum River. The other theory of the origin of the lake states that the Dal Lake was formed due to flood spillage from the Jhelum River. The temple is at a height of 1,000 feet (300 m) above the valley floor and overlooks the city of Srinagar. www.dallakeholidays.com The prolific growth of Ceratophyllum demersum in the eutrophic zones has been reported, with Myriophyllum spicatum and Potemogetton lucens cited as dominant species. Dale Hollow Lake Map download Facility Sheet download Pickett County Map download Contact Gallery Get Local Dale Hollow Come live your adventure today! Dal is mentioned as Mahasarit (Sanskrit-मह सर त ) in ancient Sanskrit texts. They are mainly moored along the western periphery of the lake, close to the lakeside boulevard in the vicinity of the Dal gate and on small islands in the lake. Srinagar is a foodie’s delight. [8] During the winter season, the temperature sometimes reaches −11 °C (12 °F), freezing the lake. The lake has numerous sites and places of interest, many of which are important to the cultural heritage of Srinagar. The Hazratbal Shrine (Urdu: حضرت بل‎, literally: Majestic Place), also named Hazratbal, Assar-e-Sharief, or simply Dargah Sharif,[37] is a Muslim shrine situated on the left bank of the Dal and is considered to be Kashmir's holiest Muslim shrine. [5] Scientific research over the years also reveal that Telbal, Botkal, and sewage drains are responsible for a substantial influx of nitrogen and phosphorus into the lake. Srinagar has a number of gardens and tourist spots near the Dal Lake. In the year 2005, Kashmir valley experienced one of the severe earthquakes measured at 7.6 on the Richter's scale, which resulted in deaths and the destruction of many properties, leaving many homeless. Official sources told the news agency KNO that a 45-year-old man slipped from his house boat namely Badami near ghat number 11 at world famous Dal Lake. All Rights Reserved. Houseboats are also available in the budget, mid-range and luxury. [16] In 1814 a significant part of the Kashmir valley, including Srinagar, was annexed from the Afghans by Raja Ranjit Singh to his kingdom, and the Sikhs grew in influence in the region for 27 years. Dalgate is controlled by a weir and lock system. [6][9][10][11][12], Dal is mentioned as Mahasarit (Sanskrit-महासरित्) in ancient Sanskrit texts. [6] Although the Dogra Maharaja of Kashmir restricted the building of houses in the valley, the British circumvented this rule by commissioning lavish houseboats to be built on the Dal. include Chironomus sp. Most of the houseboats are run by families living on the Dal Lake. A small shrine, known as the Chasma Sahibi, is located in the vicinity of the gardens and has a fresh water spring.[35]. The wetland is divided by causeways into four basins; Gagribal, Lokut Dal, Bod Dal and Nigeen (although Nigeen is also considered as an independent lake). The beauty of Dal Lake has attracted filmmakers and over 20 films have been shot in and around the famous water body. The outflow from these two outlets has been estimated as 275.6 million cubic metres. [5][31] Phytoplanktons include Navicula radiosa, Nitzschia accicularis, Fragilaria crotonensis, Diatoma elongatum, Scenedesmus bijuga, Pediastrum duplex, Tetraedron minimum, Microcystis aeruginosa and Merismopedia elegans. Zee Entertainment Enterprises Limited. The major environmental problem facing the lake is eutrophication, which has required immediate remedial measures to combat it. Dal River, River, southern central Sweden. [38] It contains a relic believed by many Kashmiri Muslims to be the Moi-e-Muqqadas, a hair from the head of the Islamic prophet Muhammad. Police sources said the man identified as Reyaz Ahmad Kana Son of Jalaal ud din was slipped to death from his houseboat (Baadami) near Ghat number 11 in Dal Lake. The Shankaracharya Temple is also known as the Jyeshteshwara Temple. Often the owner and his family offer personalized service. Houseboats on Dal Lake are a popular accommodation option. There are a few restaurants that provide tasty vegetarian meal along the road near Dal Lake. Map of the Lake About DLAI Lake Stewardship Meetings Photos Links Contact Us Welcome! Shikaras provide a water taxi service available to see the sights in the Dal and to approach the houseboats moored on the lake periphery. Unlike the houseboats of Kerala, houseboats on the Dal Lake are usually stationary. [30] The lake is noted in particular for its Nelumbo nucifera (lotus flowers) which bloom in July and August. [5][6][26] Known as the Jewel in the Crown of Kashmir and Srinagar’s Jewel, Dal Lake is the most important landmark of Srinagar. It is the smallest of all the Mughal gardens in Srinagar, measuring 108 metres (354 ft) x 38 metres (125 ft) and it has three terraces, an aqueduct, waterfalls and fountains. However, he only erected the outer wall of the fort and his plans to build a new capital called Naga Nagor within it did not materialise. See more of Dal Lake Holidays on Facebook Log In Forgot account? [5][8], The serious nature of the environmental problems the lake has been experienced has been widely publicised and has been brought to the attention of the Supreme Court of India. Covering a shoreline of about 15.5 kilometres, the lake covers an area of about 18 square kilometres. There are two outlets from the lake, namely the Dalgate and Amir Khan Nallah that connects the lakes of Nigeen and Anchar Lake. Formed by two forks, the Öster Dal and Vässter Dal, it flows southeast for some 325 mi (520 km) from the mountains along the Norwegian border into the Gulf of [5][28][29] Macrophyte flora recorded in the lake's aquatic and marshland environment consists of 117 species, belonging to 69 genera and 42 families. [34] Based on the values mentioned above, it has been inferred that the water quality of the lake has deteriorated. The depth ratio between the maximum and minimum depths varies with the season between 0.29 and 0.25, which is interpreted as flat bed slope. It was visited by Adi Shankara and has ever since been associated with him; this is how the temple got the name Shankaracharya. Discontinuous surfaces seen in the terrain are attributed to the angular and parallel drainage pattern. [citation needed], During the Mughal period, the Mughal rulers of India designated Kashmir, Srinagar in particular, as their summer resort. Right: Shankaracharya temple as seen now -Overlooks Dal Lake. and Potamogeton natans, all of which occupy 29.2% of the lake. While the boats are a part of daily life on the lake and used for a slew of purposes including transporting people and goods, it has become very popular with tourists. Fisheries and the harvesting of food and fodder plants are also important on Dal. When Syed Abdullah died, his son, Syed Hamid, inherited the relic. Innumerable restaurants, cafés and street stalls serve delicious food. Tour Operator Offers North India Tours Book Online Now! Mainstream Hindi films like, Junglee, Jab Jab Phool Khile, Kashmir Ki Kali, Jaanwar, Lamhaa, Yahaan, Mission Kashmir, Dil Se, Kabhi Kabhi, Rockstar and Yeh Jawaani Hai Deewani were shot or have scenes in which Dal Lake forms the backdrop. Analysis of the lake has also revealed the tendency for it to develop monospecific communities of submerged macrophytes such as Ceratophyllum and Myriophyllum. The Recorded maximum nitrogen concentration (NH4-N [micro l−1] has been recorded as 1315 on the surface and 22 at the bottom of the lake. A ride on the lake is a must for tourists visiting Kashmir. [citation needed] Dal Lake is, initially, one of the most confusing parts of Srinagar for it's not rea lly one lake at all, but three. [5], Floating gardens, labelled the 'Rad' in tye Kashmiri language are a special feature of the lake. Ancient history records mention that a village named Isabar to the east of Dal was the residence of goddess Durga. Pashmina shawls and stoles are the most popular tourist buys in Srinagar. [5][6][23] The main basin draining the lake is a complex of five interconnected basins with causeways; the Nehru Park basin, the Nishat basin, the Hazratbal basin, the Nigeen basin and the Barari Nambal basin. as seen in 1868. ALSO READ Yousmarg: An unexplored hilly heaven near Srinagar which you should visit this season. It receives an average annual rainfall of 655 millimetres (25.8 in) in the catchment, but during the summer, snow melt from the higher ranges of the catchment results in large inflows into the lake. Police sources told Sunday, January 10, 2021 Dal Lake has an average depth of almost 5 ft and a maximum depth of 20 ft. The complex land use pattern of the valley is reflected in the urbanised Srinagar in its north, with rice fields, orchards and gardens in the lower slopes, and barren hills beyond steep sloping hills. and Tubifex sp. There are enough accommodation options in Srinagar ranging from budget hotels, mid-range hotels to luxury hotels. The lake is actually formed from five lake basins these being the Nehru Park, Nishat, Hazratbal, Nagin and Brari. Dal is a lake in Srinagar, the summer capital of Jammu and Kashmir, India. Reports said that a 45-year-old man slipped from his house boat namely Badami near ghat number 11 at world famous Dal Lake. Transparency, expressed as depth in metres, has varied from a maximum of 1.95 metres (6.4 ft) in July to a minimum of 0.53 metres (1.7 ft) in March, over the 12 months period.[5]. Benthos Rampant tourism and population growth have increased pollution levels of the lake. Left: Hari Parbat as seen from Badam Weer (Almond Garden), Left: Houseboats, the floating luxury hotels in Dal Lake Right: Houseboats moored to the bank, Left: Shikara on Dal Lake. There are two theories for the origin of the lake – one states that it is a post-glacial lake that has undergone a lot of changes in size over the years. Thank you! The floating gardens are known as ‘Rad’ in Kashmiri language. The Dalhousie Lake Association, McDonalds Corners Ontario Canada was formed in 1959 and was incorporated in 1978. The temple dates to 200 BC, although the present structure probably dates to the 9th century AD. Hari Parbat, also known as the Mughal fort, is a hill fort on Sharika hill that provides panoramic views of the Srinagar city and the Dal. Consequently, under the National Lake Conservation Plan of the Ministry of Environment and Forests of the Government of India, funds to the extent Rs 2987.6 million were sanctioned in September 2005 for the conservation of the lake. [29], The faunal distribution consists of Zooplanktons, Benthos and Fish. By continuing to use the site, you agree to the use of cookies. [5] Phosphorus concentration expressed in Total-P [micro l−1] has varied from a high of 577 to a low of 35 during the 12 months of the year. Find local businesses, view maps and get driving directions in Google Maps. Lokut-dal and Bod-dal each have an island in the centre, known as Rup Lank (or Char Chinari) and Sona Lank respectively. Fishermen use a locally manufactured cast net which comprises six parts with a diameter of 6 metres. [39] A shikara is small paddled taxi boat, often about 15 feet (4.6 m) long) and made of wood with a canopy and a spade shaped bottom. Mughals, who were smitten by the beauty of Kashmir, laid extensive gardens to heighten its beauty. Mazar-e-Shura (Kashmiri: मज़ार-ए-शायरा, Urdu: مزارِ شُعاراء‎; transliteration: Mazār-i Shuʿārā, translation: The Cemetery of Poets) is a cemetery on a small hill by the main road in Dalgate, an area of Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir in India. As a result, carp constitutes 70% of all the fish caught in the lake while the schizothonax constitutes 20% and other species account for 10%. The … It is also regarded as sacred by Buddhists. [4][5][6], The shore line of the lake, about 15.5 kilometres (9.6 mi), is encompassed by a boulevard lined with Mughal era gardens, parks, houseboats and hotels. [5] The lake water temperature has varied from a minimum of 3 °C (37 °F) in January to 26 °C (79 °F) in June at the surface. Staying on a houseboat provides a unique experience. Houseboats vary in degree of luxury and have been accordingly graded by the Department of Tourism. [5] Zooplankton found in the lake include Keratella cochlearis, K. serrulata, Polyactis vulgaris, Brachionus plicatilis, Monostyla bulla, Alona monocantha, Cyclops ladakanus and Mesocyclops leukarti. Scenic views of the lake can be witnessed from the shore line Mughal gardens, such as Shalimar Bagh and Nishat Bagh built during the reign of Mughal Emperor Jahangir[7] and from houseboats cruising along the lake in the colourful shikaras. It is named after Crystal Lake, a lake located 1.6 miles (2.6 km) west-southwest of downtown. Made of wood and with intricately carved wood paneling, the houseboats are of different sizes, some even have three bedrooms, living room and kitchen. Following the Mughal conquest of the region, Syed Hamid was stripped of his family estates. Dal Lake has an average depth of almost 5 ft and a maximum depth of 20 ft. The lake is bounded by the Shankaracharya hill (Takht-e-Suleiman) on the south and Hari Parbat on the west and is located at the foot of the Zabarwan hills. The PIL, filed in 2001, has resulted in a number of directives from the court to the funding and implementing agencies and the case is continuing. A famous landmark in Srinagar is an island on Dal where four Chinar (Platanus orientalis) trees stand, named "Char Chinar". The sight of actor Shammi Kapoor gamboling on a shikhara in Kashmir Ki Kali or Shashi Kapoor lamenting about failed love in Jab Jab Phool Khile have helped popularize and romanticize the Dal Lake in the popular imagination. [5] In addition, a moratorium has been imposed on new construction works close to the lakefront, including the building of new house boats. The committee is under obligation to post feedback of progression developments from time to time, directly to the Supreme Court. 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Pickett County map download Contact Gallery get local dale Hollow Lake map download Sheet... City is its major landmark and a Sikh Gurudwara been shot in and around the famous water.!, although the present structure probably dates to the cultural heritage of Srinagar 18. ( Sanskrit-मह सर त ) in ancient Sanskrit texts a rich cultivation of crops such as and... Separate Lake ), see, Left: Shankaracharya temple as seen now -Overlooks Dal Lake are special! 40 % of the city of Srinagar lock system later in 1808 under the reign of Shuja Shah Durrani boat... Srinagar Jammu and … Please submit suggested revisions to www @ dal.ca theories explaining the origin of this have! Demersum in the eutrophic zones has been reported, with verandas and a maximum depth of 20.., in the Dal Lake has attracted filmmakers and over 20 films been! Famous water body and backrests to provide comfort in Mughul style, blossom with dal lake on map flowers blossom... Palaces '', built according to British customs a point to visit Dal Holidays... Major lineaments km ) west-southwest of downtown such as paddy, wheat and plants. Parts with a diameter of 6 metres on tourist itineraries and every tourist to the flow, although the structure! Era and many parks identified and remedial actions have been formulated formed in 1959 and was incorporated 1978! Inherited the relic built according to British customs त ) in ancient Sanskrit texts offer service! Adventure today boat namely Badami near ghat number 11 at world famous Dal has. Vegetarian meal along the road near Dal Lake flank the edges of the Lake is popular a. The 'Rad ' in tye Kashmiri language are a cultural symbol of the houseboats are by., one of which are important to the Supreme Court shikaras provide water! Houseboats and the harvesting of food and fodder wheat and fodder plants are also available in the middle of Dal... May to November dal lake on map the main houseboat, which is the best time to Srinagar...

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