Wheat Yields across Europe from 1850 Corn yields in the US 8.8. 6. All visualizations, data, and code produced by Our World in Data are completely open access under the Creative Commons BY license. 12. these figues depend heavily on geographical location, cultivation inputs and techniques, establishment,harvesting and processing, etc. Middle East 1.0. If we compare this increase to that of total population (which increased only 136 percent over the same period), we see that global cereal production has increased at a much faster rate than that of population. Am accessible overview of the history of corn can be found here. 70% less land was needed. | Browse by Country or Indicator. Modern inputs – irrigation, improved varieties of cereal & fertilizer – have expanded rapidly around the world but have lagged in Sub-Saharan Africa, as seen in the following graph. | 6. 194. Some countries, including Ethiopia, Nigeria and Algeria have followed the rest of the world in yield increases. Have we achieved this through land expansion or improved yields? There are a number of factors which are likely to have contributed to sustained yield gains: fertilizer application, irrigation, increased soil tillage, and improved farming practices. This is the definition given by the UN’s Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) in their glossary that is online here. In most of the cases yield data are not recorded, but are obtained by dividing the production data by the data on area harvested. 71. However, if global average cereal yields were to have remained at their 1961 levels, we see the amount of additional land (in blue) which we would have had to convert to arable land if we were to achieve the same levels of cereal production. East Asia. China (People's Republic of), Soybean, 2019: 1.9 Tonnes/hectare China (People's Republic of), Rice, 2019: 4.9 Tonnes/hectare China (People's Republic of), Wheat, 2019: 5.6 Tonnes/hectare China (People's Republic of), Maize, 2019: 6.3 Tonnes/hectare. TABLE 4: Voluntary and mandatory bioenergy targets for transport fuels in G8+5 countries. 6. This figure is based on the combination of two datasets: data from 1929-1955 is based on figures in Engler and del Pozo (2013), which has been combined with UN Food and Agricultural Organization statistics from 1961 onwards.2. Help us do this work by making a donation. This agricultural expansion would likely have been into fertile forested land, resulting in a loss of up to one-third of the world’s forests. 3.9. Average farm yields ranged from approximately 29 bushels per acre (1.95 metric tons per hectare) for the typical farm in Australia to 119.1 … North America Crop yield is the measurement most often used for cereal, grain or … See also: Country ranking, Time series comparison, More maps: In the chart we have plotted average corn (maize) yields in the United States from 1866-2014, based on data from the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) and UN FAO. 111. Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile. From 1961 to 2014, global cereal production has increased by 280 percent. It is weighted by the commodity prices. Expansion of cereal production has followed very different paths in Sub-Saharan Africa and Asia. India. The 10 year increase in yield for this region is 28%. 6. Sugarcane is a cash crop, but it is also used as livestock fodder. In these trends we see large regional differences in this yield-land use trade-off. 0.0. The simulation results were up-scaled successively to SMU, RWS, CZ and country, using harvested area per STU as weighing factor. The FAO explains the construction of the PIN in detail here. Latin America and the Caribbean. Most Recent Year. South America This page has a list of countries by Maize yield (kg per hectare), according to officially-recognized international sources compiled by the World Bank. 13.5% for wheat and barley, and 15.5% for maize. In the chart we see that the global area under cereal production (in blue) has increased from 625 to 721 million hectares from 1961-2014. Cereal yield is measured as kilograms per hectare of harvested land. Most of a crop harvested near the end of a year will be used in the following year. The shade of the country corresponds to the magnitude of the indicator. Washington, DC: World Bank. 1961 = 100). ’ on the chart.The crop production index (PIN) is the sum of crop commodities produced (after deductions of quantities used as seed and feed). Sub-Saharan Africa produces about 19 million tons and Latin America some 25 million tons. 11. Explore the data. Most of a crop harvested near the end of a year will be used in the following year. The average yield of cane stalk is 60–70 tonnes per hectare per year. 178. 36. 244. TABLE 1: Biofuel production by country, 2007. 5. Potato yields have also almost doubled, increasing from just over 20 tonnes in 1960 to more than 40 tonnes per hectare in 2014. However, a failure to increase agricultural productivity in many Sub-Saharan countries has led to large increases in land used for cereal production. In developing countries, a variety of harvesting methods are used in cereal cultivation, depending on the cost of labor, from small combines to hand tools such as the scythe or cradle. Description: The map below shows how Cereal yield (kg per hectare) varies by country in Europe. Colombia's crop yield for soybeans was forecasted to reach 3.58 metric tons per hectare by 2028. 50. 96. A bit of both. This visualization shows the index of the arable land area needed to produce an equivalent aggregate of crop production, relative to the land area needed in 1961 i.e. In the chart we see the indexed change in land area used for cereal production from 1961-2014 (on the y-axis), measured against the indexed change in cereal yield over the same period (on the x-axis). Ciencia e investigación agraria. | We will always indicate the original source of the data in our documentation, so you should always check the license of any such third-party data before use and redistribution. Progress, however, a failure to increase agricultural productivity results in increasing human overpopulation problems impressive progress increasing. 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